A new market is on the way to be defined as the most advanced technology market with a strong portfolio in human-like robots. New generations with advanced humanoid robots entered more or less in the sequence of mass production and are available for purchase. Researchers and engineers develop creative solutions to build humanoid robots with properties similar to human body and make these available with a wide range of options for everyone who wants such a machine at home, at schools or at the office.
For those of you who are still new in the field, humanoid robots are often considered to be a reproduction of the human body including the head, neck, torso, two arms with hands and two legs. Not all human-like robotic structures include all of the human body parts and there is not available a rigid pattern with the design of a humanoid robot. Some of robots reviewed in this article may model only one or more parts of the human body, for example, a humanoid robot with head and arms that moving on a platform with wheels.
Used at home or in an office, today’s humanoid robots are autonomous, understand and recognize the environment, can hear and talk. In this article I create a comprehensive list with technologically advanced humanoid robots for sale since the robots are no longer just some tools, they becomes smart and can be used in many fields including social activities, education or research.
01. NAO Next Gen | Around €12,200EUR – €13,700 EUR (~$16,000USD – $18,000USD)
NAO Next Gen is the first humanoid robot from the list and is one of the most advanced robots available at an affordable price. The robot has taken shape in the Aldebaran Robotics labs since 2004 when Project Nao was released. The NAO was designed to fit in the research and education fields. The base platform can be used in a wide variety of fields including computer science, HRI, or social researchers. Around the world, more than 450 research labs and universities used NAO for a wide variety of research topics mainly including robotics.
The main feature of the NAO is the fully programmable platform that can be used by everyone regardless of experience level. All of these programmers can play with a wide range of sensors, actuator, cameras, etc., plus sophisticated embedded software compatible with C++, Python, Java, MATLAB, Urbi, C, .Net. All of these are accompanied by a fully and comprehensive documentation.
Applications include face or object recognition, speech, text-to-speech in a wide range of languages, and an entire list of body motions.
Inside the 58 cm (23 in), the robot has a wide list with components starting with the Intel Atom brain at 1.6GHz that run the Linux OS.
02. Robovie-R3 | Around €33,000 EUR (~$43,000 USD)
Robovie reached the third generation in a powerful body designed to be used in research and development purposes. The 108 cm (42.5-inch) height of the humanoid robot is targeted to be used especially for elderly and handicapped humans.
The Vstone company releases the third version in 2010 with increased features for a high performance delivered at a lower price. The human-robot communication platform can be used to create new services including social services.
The body of the robot is attached to a mobile platform with two wheels and two degrees of freedom that provide high mobility and stability. With the two wheels the Robovie can pass over pavement blocks and slopes at a speed of about 2.5 km/h.
The robot can be operated wireless using a remote controller used for a task like picking up objects or for movement in almost any direction.
The brain of the robot is a notebook PC that runs Windows OS and is accompanied by a sub PC VS-RC003HV typed.
03. RoboThespian RT3 | Around €44,400 EUR (~$58,000 USD)
RoboThespian RT3 reminds us the humanoid robots seen in the I,Robot movie. With a continuous development of over six years, the Engineered Arts Ltd design one of the most advanced and fully programmable platform used for communication and entertainment.
The robot structure incorporates Festo air muscles and DC servo motors with a total of 30 degrees of freedom. Used in public spaces, RoboThespian RT3 becomes a source of information for casual users that can use an interactive touchscreen interface in order to have a good interaction with the robot.
With 175cm (70-inch) height, the robot is a full of talent box with text-to-speech software and support for 15 languages, or with custom motions designed using Blender 3D software. It can be controlled remotely using a tablet PC and an application.
Any user can be attracted with smooth and versatile animations deliberated in real-time on the face of the robot and varying from voice recognition, text-to-speech, and to simple gesture.
04. HOAP 3 | Around €72,300 EUR (~$94,500 USD)
HOAP 3 is a humanoid robot developed by Fujitsu Automation in collaboration with Fujitsu Lab to bring the best results with the third generation in human-robot communication. The first HOAP generation was released in 2001 and since then is based on idea to design human-like robotic platforms for educational and research areas.
The tall of the robot is 60 cm (23.6-inch) and offers plenty of space for the integration of a wide number of sensors including camera, microphone, speaker, or LED for expression. HOAP is an open-source platform for both hardware and software. Any user is able to program or add/modify the parts of the robot. This great platform combines features like communication, face recognition, vocal recognition, or voice synthesis. HOAP 3 has a great flexibility with a total of 28 degrees of freedom.
The brain of the robot is an Intel Pentium M processor with a frequency of 1.1GHz and run a Linux OS.
05. HRP-4C | Around €153,000 EUR (~$200,000 USD)
HRP-4C follows the pattern of a human-like robot and incorporates a realistic head of a Japanese female. HRP-4C is the result of many years of research for Shuuji Kajita accompanied by many other researchers from the National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST).
The robot is designed to be used in the entertainment industry as well as for researchers in the human-robot interaction.
HRP-4C use words for interaction with users and we cannot ignore the things that can move and walk like a girl.
Almost all technologies studied and developed in the labs of AIST including real-time Linux, OpenHRP3 robotic simulation software, speech recognition and bipedal walking was integrated in the HRP-4C female robot. The result was an impressive 158 cm (62-inch) tall human-like robot with close movements of humans.
06. Tiro | Around €165,000 EUR (~$215,000 USD)
Tiro is a cute wheel-based humanoid robot with a height of 60 cm designed by Hanool Robotics company with the headquarters in South Korea. The female humanoid robot includes features like facial mimicry or speech function. The face of the robot is an LCD screen used to display emotions like a smile.
07. iCub | Around €207,000 EUR (~$270,000 USD)
iCub is not a cub, it is the most advanced Cognitive Universal Body with an opened software and hardware platform designed by the RobotCub Consortium. Even the robot tries to simulate a 3.5 years child, iCub is much older and comes to life in 2004. The aim of this project was to develop a human-like robotic platform with cognitive capabilities capable to interact with humans.
Used for research and education, this little robot generates interest and excitement in the development of new skills like learning or how to communicate with humans.
The latest version of the robot comes with a total of 53 actuated degrees of freedom and with capabilities for crawling, control the force or grasp objects with different shapes and forms.
The brain of the robot runs Linux OS and a comprehensive documentation has a great tend to attract new software and hardware updates.
08. PR2 | Around €218,000 EUR (~$285,000 USD)
PR2 is a special humanoid robot designed completely different than we seen until now. The head does not like with a human head except the two eyes, it comes with a hand or two hands only if the user order the second hand, and it moves on wheels instead legs.
Willow Garage concept the robot into ‘garage’ based on idea to design a robotic platform that leads the users to think outside the box. The result is a completed open-source platform that runs open-source software like Open CV or ROS. An entire community has taken shape around this project with new and advanced ideas and applications developed for the robot. The gripper has only two ‘fingers’ used to grasp and manipulate any object.
The structure of the robot is based on a modular design to enhance the number of manufacturing parts by the users. The brain of the robot is a quad-core Intel processor accompanied by 24 GB DDR3 memory.
09. HRP-4 | Around €234,000 EUR (~$306,000 USD)
HRP-4 joined the committee of technologically advanced humanoid robots since the first version released in the 2000s. Kawada Industries designed the robot in collaboration with the National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST).
With his slim fit body, the HRP can be used in research or educational purposes. The project is based on the idea to develop a robot that can be used in social environments in order to improve human quality life.
The robot has a height of 151 cm (59-inch) and 34 degrees of freedom. Running Linux OS, the brain of the robot is a Pentium M processor with working frequency of 1.6 GHz.
10. Romeo | Around €252,000 EUR (~$330,000 USD)
Romeo is a hopeless romantic humanoid robot designed by Aldebaran Robotics and based on an idea of personal assistant.
Used at home, Romeo can maintain a discussion, and using autonomous feature can do some tasks in the kitchen and meanwhile empty the garbage. With a tail of 143 cm (56-inch), the robot incorporates all human-like features like hands, arms, legs, neck and head. It has 37 degrees of freedom and a great flexibility even for complex tasks. Each hand has four flexible fingers that can grasp and handle objects with different shapes.
11. M1 Mobile Manipulator | Around €260,000 EUR (~$340,000 USD)
M1 Mobile Manipulator is as his name says – a manipulator with human-like features. M1 was designed by Meka Robotics and has in the back some years of development starting with 2006 when the company was founded. The project has a clear aim and this is to build a robot with an advanced force control system for all body parts. The wheeled based platform for movement was designed in order to fill a minimum footprint.
Used as a manipulator, the design of the robot includes a durable and strong gripper with a payload of 1.5Kg and a great flexibility of arm with seven degrees of freedom. Used in research area the robot upper-body can be customized as well as the software. M1 runs M3 and ROS software stacks.
12. HUBO-2 | Around €306,000 EUR (~$400,000 USD)
HUBO is one of the most flexible human-like robots with a walking bipedal frame that support up to 40 degrees of freedom. The robot was designed by Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST) and until now was successfully delivered to research institutes.
HUBO is a full sized humanoid robot with a height of 130 cm (51-inch) and advanced flexible limbs. Sophisticated algorithms together with dexterous hands are used for a wide range of complex tasks for a robot including handling objects with a maximum weight of 7 Kg and to open doors.
The purpose of the robot is to be an advanced platform for researchers in human-robot interactions. New algorithms can be developed using Rainbow API and the open-source ROS packages.
13. ASIMO | Around €1,913,000 EUR (~$2,500,000 USD)
ASIMO is the last and the most technologically advanced humanoid robots from this list. In 2011, Honda Motor Co. was released the latest version of the robot with significant improvements.
Compared with older versions, the new ASIMO has an increased autonomy, new and advanced balancing capability, improved recognition system and many others improved features.
The robot can be used in wide fields including entertainment, at home or in offices. It has an advanced ability to adjust his features when it is used in new environments. An advanced balancing system was designed to fit in any terrain or for climbing stairs. All these advanced systems were crowded in a small body with 130 cm (51-inch) height and 57 degrees of freedom.